If you follow a regular skin care routine, yet you feel like it’s having no effect – don’t despair there’s a very good chance that it’s just because you’re not using the right products for your particular skin type. Now a lot of people will just assume that skin is something that we all have therefore we can all treat it the same way. That is not true.
There are actually 6 different skin types and they come with a different set of symptoms that can change the way your skin looks or may react to certain products differently. Throughout this article we will list each skin type, and explain how to identify which type you have and how best to treat it.
A normal skin type will be soft and have good circulation meaning if you blot your face in the morning with tissue there will be no trace of sebum (or oil) on the tissue. Visibly it will have a smooth even skin tone with no severe sensitivity. People with a “normal” skin type are often considered to be very lucky as they have no or very few imperfections and barely visible pores.
Choosing products for a normal skin type is typically an easy job. Most standard moisturisers and cleansers will work with the skin, causing no irritation or breakouts.
An oily skin type is just that – due to overactive sebaceous glands, your face produces more oil than necessary. Most noticeably from the cheeks, nose and forehead. Oily skin can be frustrating to deal with as it can be caused by so many different factors; hereditary factors, diet, hormone levels, pregnancy and stress are just a few of the factors that can cause you to suffer with an oily skin type. Having oily skin can furthermore lead to acne flare ups and enlarged pores – creating even more problems for the skin.
The first step to dealing with oily skin is to find a great gentle, soap-free face cleanser. You should thoroughly cleanse your face twice a day with this.
A dry skin type means that your skin has a very low levels of sebum and will not maintain oils easily. It can often be dry and flaky causing your face to feel tight and itchy throughout the day, and especially after cleansing the skin.
Dry skin lacks the lipids that the skin needs to be able to retain moisture and build it’s protective layer against external influences. Your dry skin will be very prone to aging, fine pores and irritation, you may easily develop a sallow tone, and it’s these problems will allow you to identify if your skin type is dry.
A deep nourishing moisturiser is important to ensure you can control that tight uncomfortable feeling in your skin and lock in the moisture. Some dermatologist will recommend changing your moisturiser with the changing seasons, however it has been proven if you can find a moisturiser that works well with your skin to lock in moisture it may not be necessary.
A combination skin type typically describes a dry or flaky skin with the T-zone (forehead, nose and chin) being especially oily. While this is the typical way that combination skin is presented, it’s not always that way, the oily areas and the dry flaky areas can happen in any combination.
There’s a variety of factors that can contribute to combinations skin, but more often than not it is just luck of the draw in terms of what you may inherit from your parents. Using the wrong types of skin products can worsen, and sometime even cause the problems associated with combination skin.
Products that contain harsh or skin aggravating ingredients can of course dry out certain areas of your skin while consequently stimulating sebaceous glands, creating an increased oil production. Using the wrong products on combination skin actually causes a lot more harm than good, it can lead to an increase in rashes and breaks in the skin as well as skin blemishes and acne breakouts. That’s why this skin type especially requires the right kinds of treatment.
Sensitive skin can be categorised as red with bumps or skin erosions. The skin is often described as tight after cleansing and can be easily irritated. There are so many causes that can relate to sensitive skin, from beauty products, home products and changed in the air/weather it can be hard to pinpoint what triggers your sensitivity specifically.
The reason behind sensitive skin is simply just dry skin that doesn’t properly protect the nerve endings in the skin causing it to become sensitive to certain products or the elements. Skin disorders and allergies can also cause sensitive skin, things such as eczema, rosacea, or allergic contact dermatitis are the main culprits.
As a rule for sensitive skin, avoid products with added deodorants and fragrances as they only tend to irritate and inflame the skin, which even when treated properly can take weeks to relieve the symptoms. Soap free cleansers and liquid facial cleansers work best at cleansing the skin whilst also avoiding irritation.
Moisturising, however is where you really need the right products. Moisturisers from tin help the skin hold on to moisture, to avoid drying and abrasions, so with sensitive skin it is important to find a moisturiser that really can lock in the moisture.
When looking for products to cater for sensitive skin, look for little or no fragrance, and products with only a few ingredients. Too much fragrance on the skin will cause irritation.
Once you reach the age of 20 your skin begins to change, regardless of what skin care routines you use. Depending on the fundamentals of your skin and possibly external influences signs of ageing will eventually show in the skin. The most noticeable signs will be loss of elasticity in the skin, change in tone and loss of moisture.
Ageing skin needs added lipids and moisturisers to keep it look fresh and fuller, this is why specific products are needed as they contain the added ingredients. As you get older there is no longer production of Collagen and Hyaluronic Acid within the skin and this is what creates the changes in the skin.
A lot of women will only see the signs of ageing skin as the menopause hits, this is simply because the menopause lessens the amount of estrogen in the body – estrogen being the hormone that keeps the body youthful. Fine lines may appear which is why products with collagen and elastin are a must, along with vitamin serums for skin rejuvenation.
With age, sebum production slows down which also leads to dryness and high visibility of fine lines, wrinkles and also flakiness. Ageing skin becomes more sensitive to sun damage and weather extremes which is why, as we can’t avoid the weather, more protection should be at hand for this skin type.
Got products to recommend for certain types of skin? Add in the comments section below.